One of the significant factors to achieve success in shrimp farming is the pond where the shrimp grows. A decent and high-quality pond will help the cultivation process run better. The ideal combination of stocking density, system, and pond type will yield the maximum results for shrimp farming.
Rectangular ponds and circular ponds are currently the most common types of ponds utilized by farmers. Both have advantages and disadvantages depending on the cultivation techniques used. The comparison will be discussed below.
Rectangular ponds are ideal for usage in soil-rich areas because it strengthens the pond walls. Furthermore, this pool is suitable for usage in areas with lower drains than the pool. This will make it easier to dispose of the waste.
Rectangular ponds excel in the variety of stocking density systems since it can be used for all cultivation systems, from extensive (traditional) to super intensive. Technically, the water flow in rectangular ponds is not too swift, thus the feed is not rapidly centralized to the pond's center.
Furthermore, since rectangular shrimp ponds can be built side by side, the pond area can be used more efficiently. This arrangement will increase crop productivity. The enormous size of the rectangular pond will also have a positive impact on farming productivity because it can accommodate more water and shrimps.
Building a rectangular shrimp pond requires a significant investment in both materials and cost. rectangular ponds are also prone to abrasion, so it requires strong security measures. Furthermore, the dead corners in the rectangular ponds cause the sludge to not be centralized properly.
Because of its abrasion-resistant construction, circular ponds are ideal for usage in sandy areas. Besides sandy areas, this type of pond is suitable for construction on land that is difficult to dry since its position will aid in the drying of the pond. Circular ponds are suitable for intensive to super intensive stocking density systems.
Circular ponds are particularly good at centralizing feed and treatment. With no dead corners, circular ponds will allow feed and organic materials to be swiftly centralized and evenly distributed. Farmers can also save time by not having to walk around the pond to spread feed or treatment.
Furthermore, circular ponds do not require much materials. It is also less expensive to make because it does not necessitate the cost of excavating the land.
The disadvantage of circular ponds is the utilization of pond area. The pond area's corners cannot be utilized effectively since circular ponds cannot be placed next to one another. The lack of a corner in the pond also leads the current to push the dirt faster into the middle of the pond.
The comparison of the two types of ponds can be considered by farmers who plan to start shrimp farming. However, generally, technical and management factors will further support the efficient cultivation of each type of pond. Both rectangular ponds and circular ponds can be productive and optimal if proper technical and management supports are provided.
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