Shrimp Industry

Suitability of Marine Space Utilization Activities in Shrimp Pond Licensing

Vanessa
Vanessa
14 May 2024
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Cover - Perizinan Tambak Udang KKPRL.webp

One of the forms of responsible shrimp cultivation is through the fulfillment of farm legality requirements. To make sure of this for Indonesian shrimp farmers, Indonesia’s Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries/Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan (KKP) has issued the Approval of Marine Space Utilization Activity Suitability (PKKPR Laut), which serves as a replacement for location permits in areas to be used as shrimp ponds, which were originally under the authority of local governments.

All About the Approval of Marine Space Utilization Activity Suitability

Marine Space Utilization Activity Suitability (KKPRL) is the basic requirement for the issuance of permits for businesses conducted in marine space. Anyone conducting marine space utilization should apply for a KKPRL to ensure suitability between marine space utilization activity plan and spatial plan and/or zoning plan.

The mandate regarding coastal area management was first issued in UU No 27 2007, which was then updated in UU No 1 2014 concerning coastal water permits. Now, regulations on marine space utilization are elaborated more specifically in Permen KP No. 21 and No. 28 2021.

UU No 6 2023 Article 47A paragraph (2) in Article 19 also states that the suitability of marine space utilization is granted to various activities such as marine biopharmacology, marine biotechnology, fisheries (including shrimp cultivation), transportation, telecommunications, and others.

The requirement for a KKPRL is elaborated in UU No 6 2023 Article 16 paragraph (2) Part One Article 18, stating that every individual which utilizes coastal water space must have a suitability of marine space utilization activity from KKP. Article 22B Part One in Article 18 also states that marine space utilization must comply with activity suitability and business licensing. Furthermore, Article 47 paragraph (4) in Article 19 adds that every individual who permanently utilizes marine space in the territorial waters and jurisdiction must have marine space utilization activity suitability.

For that reason, farmers need to have a KKPRL permit as their basic requirement for business and/or risk-based business licensing before applying for environmental permits. The basis for KKPRL permit ensures that there is a clear spatial plan related to marine space utilization activities, which must consider the preservation of coastal aquatic ecosystems, communities, traditional fishermen, national interests, and peaceful transit rights for foreign ships.

The process of KKPRL issuance

Here are the steps farmers should follow to get a KKPRL issued:

  1. Register at oss.go.id
  2. Submit an application
  3. Wait for assessment
  4. Make the PNBP payment once they pass the assessment, or complete missing documents if they fail the assessment
  5. Get the approval of KKPRL issuance

The documents that need to be provided by farmers applying for a KKPRL are:

  1. Elaboration of activity plan, goals and benefits, elaboration of existing activities (if any), and location map
  2. Information on marine space utilization
  3. Data of the latest conditions of the location and its surroundings (surrounding ecosystems, hydro-oceanography data modeling), socio-economic condition of surrounding communities, and location accessibility
  4. Reclamation requirements, including plans for reclaiming material sources and utilization plans
  5. Other supporting documents

If the required documents are complete, the assessment process will consider the function of designation, carrying capacity, type of activity and scale of business, space requirements, technology used, and potential environmental impacts.

However, shrimp farmers do not need to worry if they encounter difficulties in applying for KKPRL. Currently, shrimp farmers can request KKPRL application help in the form of consultations or assistance, making it easier to obtain the necessary permits as a basis for safe and responsible cultivation.

Renew and get the latest cultivation insights with JALA

The material shared above is part of a webinar held by JALA, SHRIMPS TALK. The webinar was held on May 7, 2024 with the theme of "Marine Space Licensing in Shrimp Cultivation and Sustainable Aquaculture Technology Development". The material was presented by Nurfitri Syadiah as an Expert Associate of the Directorate General of Marine and Coastal Management from KKP.

In addition to the presentation by Nurfitri, SHRIMPS TALK 15 also featured another interesting presentation on the use of technology for environmental management of cultivation impacts shared by the second speaker. Stay tuned for more discussions on JALA's blog!

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