Probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics are additional components that can benefit shrimp growth. Probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics can also be the alternative for disease handling. This Shrimp News article will discuss the differences between probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics and their benefits for shrimp health.
Probiotics are living microbes that provide health benefits when given in sufficient amounts. Probiotics usually consist of good bacteria such as Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. Probiotics affect the body's immune response and have a positive impact on the digestive system, immune system, and general health.
In shrimp farming, probiotics serve as feed supplements to improve health, especially the shrimp digestive system. Probiotics maintain the health of shrimp by suppressing the growth of pathogenic bacteria and increasing the growth of good bacteria. Giving probiotics to shrimp is also considered to be more environmentally friendly than giving antibiotics because it can minimize residues in the pond ecosystem.
Probiotics have several benefits for shrimp, including:
Prebiotics are different from probiotics. According to FAO/WHO, prebiotics are unlive feed components and can give benefits to health through microbiota modulation. Prebiotics cannot be digested by digestive enzymes, but are included in the type of fiber that can be well fermented by good bacteria in the intestine. In addition, prebiotics also function as the food for probiotics and other good bacteria in the digestive system. By stimulating the growth of healthy microorganisms, prebiotics help increase intestine health as a whole.
The benefits of prebiotics for shrimp namely:
Synbiotics are the combination of probiotics and prebiotics that work together to give health benefits. In the context of synbiotics, probiotics serve as living microorganisms that occupy the digestive system, while prebiotics serve as the food for probiotics. This combination aims to increase the positive impact of living microorganisms and facilitate their growth in the intestine. One of the examples of synbiotics is the fermentation of oligosaccharides in the colon that results in physiological effects, one of which is increasing the population of bifidobacteria in the colon.
Synbiotics have many benefits, including:
It should be remembered that the practice of giving probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics may vary depending on the cultivation conditions and the products used. It is recommended to follow the instructions for use provided by the manufacturer of the probiotics, synbiotics and prebiotics.
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