Cultivation Tips

What Type of Water Do Vannamei Shrimp Live In? Here’s the Answer!

Vanessa
Vanessa
21 February 2024
Share article
Cover - Air Budidaya Udang Vaname.webp

Vannamei shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei), is one of the most popular types of shrimp that is widely cultivated in various countries, including Indonesia. This type of shrimp is known for their white legs and segmented bodies.

Vannamei shrimp can survive and grow well in various environments as long as parameters such as temperature, pH, DO, and salinity are kept at a range which matches their natural habitat. By paying attention to ideal farm environment conditions and adjusting it to shrimp’s needs, vannamei shrimp farmers can reap significant profits from their harvest.

Are you interested in being a shrimp farmer and want to know more about what type of water that vannamei shrimp live in? Learn more in this article!

What Habitat Does Vannamei Shrimp Live In?

Although vannamei shrimp are actually marine shrimp, they are widely cultivated in Indonesian farms. They are native to the eastern Pacific Ocean, particularly around Mexico to Peru. These tropical waters have a temperature of more than 20°C throughout the year.

Read more: Four Important Physical Parameters of Water Quality in Shrimp Farms

Adult vannamei shrimp live and spawn in the open ocean. After their eggs hatch, the post larvae (PL) migrate inshore to spend their juvenile, adolescent and sub-adult stages in coastal estuaries, lagoons or mangrove areas.

How is the Ideal Cultivation Water Condition for Vannamei Shrimp?

air budidaya udang vaname Although vannamei shrimp are marine shrimp, they can be cultivated well in farms. Farmers just have to ensure that the cultivation water conditions are adjusted to ideal parameters for vannamei shrimp. Here are the normal ranges for parameters of cultivation water in vannamei shrimp farms:

  • Temperature: 26-32°C
  • Salinity: 15-30 ppt
  • pH: 7.5-8.5
  • DO: > 4 ppm
  • Alkalinity: 100-150 ppm

Aside from these parameters, farmers also need to control the population of Vibrio in their shrimp farm at ≤ 1 x 10³ CFU/ml to reduce the risk of diseases. The pond water should be kept brownish green, which shows there are sufficient phytoplanktons as natural feed for shrimp and to serve as a buffer against the intensity of sunlight.

Conclusion

Vannamei shrimp are marine shrimp that live in tropical oceans with a temperature of more than 20°C. Nevertheless, they thrive well in various environments and are suitable to be cultivated in farms as long as farmers keep temperature, salinity, pH, and DO at ideal conditions.

To ensure a smooth and productive cultivation, farmers can use JALA App. JALA App is a shrimp farm management application which helps farmers record, monitor, and analyze their farm conditions conveniently through web or mobile. Join now on app.jala.tech or download the mobile version from Google Play Store or App Store!

Related Articles
All articles
What is DoC in Shrimp Cultivation? Here’s the Full Explanation!
What is DoC in Shrimp Cultivation? Here’s the Full Explanation!
16 April 2024 5 min read
How to Make Molasses at Home: A Complete and Easy Way
How to Make Molasses at Home: A Complete and Easy Way
15 April 2024 2 min read
How to Manage A Shrimp Farm Properly
How to Manage A Shrimp Farm Properly
1 April 2024 5 min read
Fertilizers for Growing Planktons in Shrimp Farms [Complete Guide]
Fertilizers for Growing Planktons in Shrimp Farms [Complete Guide]
27 March 2024 3 min read
Follow JALA's Latest News

Get notifications on cultivation tips, feature and service updates, as well as JALA's latest activities.