Cultivation Tips

What Type of Water Do Vannamei Shrimp Live In? Here’s the Answer!

21 February 2024
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Vannamei shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei), is one of the most popular types of shrimp that is widely cultivated in various countries, including Indonesia. This type of shrimp is known for their white legs and segmented bodies.

Vannamei shrimp can survive and grow well in various environments as long as parameters such as temperature, pH, DO, and salinity are kept at a range which matches their natural habitat. By paying attention to ideal farm environment conditions and adjusting it to shrimp’s needs, vannamei shrimp farmers can reap significant profits from their harvest.

Are you interested in being a shrimp farmer and want to know more about what type of water that vannamei shrimp live in? Learn more in this article!

What Habitat Does Vannamei Shrimp Live In?

Although vannamei shrimp are actually marine shrimp, they are widely cultivated in Indonesian farms. They are native to the eastern Pacific Ocean, particularly around Mexico to Peru. These tropical waters have a temperature of more than 20°C throughout the year.

Read more: Four Important Physical Parameters of Water Quality in Shrimp Farms

Adult vannamei shrimp live and spawn in the open ocean. After their eggs hatch, the post larvae (PL) migrate inshore to spend their juvenile, adolescent and sub-adult stages in coastal estuaries, lagoons or mangrove areas.

How is the Ideal Cultivation Water Condition for Vannamei Shrimp?

air budidaya udang vaname Although vannamei shrimp are marine shrimp, they can be cultivated well in farms. Farmers just have to ensure that the cultivation water conditions are adjusted to ideal parameters for vannamei shrimp. Here are the normal ranges for parameters of cultivation water in vannamei shrimp farms:

  • Temperature: 26-32°C
  • Salinity: 15-30 ppt
  • pH: 7.5-8.5
  • DO: > 4 ppm
  • Alkalinity: 100-150 ppm

Aside from these parameters, farmers also need to control the population of Vibrio in their shrimp farm at ≤ 1 x 10³ CFU/ml to reduce the risk of diseases. The pond water should be kept brownish green, which shows there are sufficient phytoplanktons as natural feed for shrimp and to serve as a buffer against the intensity of sunlight.


Vannamei shrimp are marine shrimp that live in tropical oceans with a temperature of more than 20°C. Nevertheless, they thrive well in various environments and are suitable to be cultivated in farms as long as farmers keep temperature, salinity, pH, and DO at ideal conditions.

To ensure a smooth and productive cultivation, farmers can use JALA App. JALA App is a shrimp farm management application which helps farmers record, monitor, and analyze their farm conditions conveniently through web or mobile. Join now on or download the mobile version from Google Play Store or App Store!

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