The core-plasma is a partnership model between a company (as the core) and shrimp farmers (as the plasma) to cultivate ponds. The core company provides the pond, production means, technical guidance, and management of produce. On the other hand, the farmers (plasma) fulfills the company’s needs based on their agreement. This type of model is still widely used in Indonesian shrimp farms.
In shrimp farming, the core company is usually a fishery or other type of company partnering with the plasma. Farmers receive help from the core company in the form of shrimp stock, feed, and chemicals, then sell their produce to the company. This partnership aims to increase the farmers’ income, expand their knowledge, and guarantee a stable produce for the market.
Shrimp farmers will be given an agreement document to be signed by both parties. The agreement should be written with the following requirements:
The agreement needs to uphold an equal legal standing for both parties involved.
To oversee partnerships based on Pasal 34 UU No. 20 Tahun 2008, the Minister can form a nation-wide or area-specific coordinating agency. Pasal 31 PP No. 17 Tahun 2017 also states that to oversee partnerships, the Komisi Pengawas Persaingan Usaha (KPPU) coordinates with respective agencies. Every partnership needs to be outlined in an agreement written in Bahasa (or foreign language if one of the parties is foreign).
KPPU will oversee the partnership based on UU and impose administrative sanctions for companies that do any violation, which may include revocation of business license or a fine or Rp 5 - 10 billion.
Here are the aspects that KPPU will oversee in the partnership:
As the partnership agreement is being overseen, shrimp farmers do not need to worry as the principles and business ethics are well-upheld.
Moreover, shrimp farmers need to understand that the maximum shrimp farming area varies for individual or corporate farmers, starting from < 10 ha for individual shrimp farms to > 50 ha for farms that have conducted environmental analysis (AMDAL) based on UU.
Undang-Undang Nomor 20 Tahun 2008 tentang Usaha Mikro, Kecil dan Menengah
Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 7 Tahun 2021 tentang Kemudahan, Pelindungan, dan Pemberdayaan Koperasi dan Usaha Mikro, Kecil, dan Menengah
Keputusan Menteri Kelautan Dan Perikanan Nomor: Kep. 28/Men/2004 Tentang Pedoman Umum Budidaya Udang Di Tambak
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